The Scandinavian mountain passes through one of the largest Northern European peninsular The Scandinavian peninsular. This peninsular region consists of the mainland territories of Sweden and Norway.
The west Scandinavian mountain met straight in the North sea and Nowrign Sea. And northwest part of the mountain inflicted towards Finland. So sometimes northwestern Finland also counts as a part of the Peninsular part.
The Scandinavian mountain is part of the Baltic Shield. Moreover, the range is divided into two countries Norway and Sweden. However, in this article, we are going to discuss how does the Scandinavian mountain range affect Norway and Sweden.
Do you know what mountain range is found in norway and sweden? The Scandinavian mountain range.
The Scandinavian mountain is also called the Scandes. The mountain is made of icefield and avalanches. As altitude increases temperature of the Southern Norway decreased. And the north Scandinavian mountain creates the boundary between Norway and Sweden.
The Scandinavia region or scandes is the center and main part of the Scandinavian peninsula. These peninsular countries are rich in their culture, linguistics, and historical base. They are more developed than many other countries of northern Europe in the field of Foreign Policy, global competitiveness, technology, education, health, environment, human right, press freedom, democracy, and mass development.
Geographically mainland of the Scandinavian peninsula is Sweden and Norway. Northwestern Finland is sometimes regarded as part of the peninsula. If you watch through physiography, Denmark is also part north European plain. Moreover, the Scandinavian peninsula is majorly captured by Sweden and Norway. However, in the past, Denmark was included in the Scania region of the Scandinavian peninsula.
This Scandinavian peninsula is one of the biggest peninsulae in Europe. It covers an area of almost 1850 kilometers or 1150 miles. And it is approximately 370-805 kilometers broad. one-fourth of the peninsula region comes under the northern arctic circle. The northernmost point is Cape Nordkyn.
In this section, we will know geographically how does the Scandinavian mountain range affect Norway and Sweden.
The climate of the mainland in this Scandinavian region varies from subarctic and tundra to the northern portion. And the tranquil west coast oceanic weather is a humid condition for the north-west coast area to the central part.
Southern Sweden has great farmland with iron and copper-rich field. Also, the bank of the north sea and the Atlantic sea are great sources of petroleum and natural gas.
Geologists are still not clear about the origin of the Scandinavia topography. The mountains are squatted, inactive continental margin equivalent to the upland area and plateaux area of Australia’s great dividing range.
There is no well-accepted formula had not found that explains elevated passive continental margins like such Scandinavian mountains. Various types of explanations come in different years but none can make an impression.
A recent study in 2012 claims that Scandinavian mountains and other elevated passive continental margins possibly follow the same mechanism of uplift. And that is related to far-field stresses in the Lithosper section.
From this point of view, Scandinavian mountains are compared to a giant anticlinal lithospheric fold. As all are passive margins, folding might be caused by aclinic constriction acting on a thin to thick lithospheric transit zone.
The highest mountain in the Scandinavian peninsula is Galdhøpiggen. It is 2469 meters (8100ft) above sea level. Glittertind is the second highest mountain, which is 2465 meters in height above sea level. Also, a glacier is on its peak. If the glacier’s height will not count it will be 2452 meters in height. Moreover, Glittertind is also known as Glittertinden.
Both Galdhøpiggen and Glittertind mountains are in the Lom municipality within the Jotunheimen area. Earlier, Glittertind was also a contender for the highest peak of this Scandinavia Peninsula. The glacier of Glittertind was slightly higher than the other one. But as time goes by, the glacier has shrunken slightly. And last, all the dispute goes in favor of Galdhøpiggen. Moreover, these mountains hold the largest glacier in mainland Europe, Jostedalsbreen.
Kebnekaise is the highest peak on the Swedish side. It is 2469 meters high above sea level. The Halti is 1324 meters long and is the highest peak in Finland. It is 1324 meters above sea level.
As the largest mountain range in northern Europe, the Scandinavian peninsula region is covered by Norway, Sweden, and a little part of Finland. The 1850 km long mountain range is bordered by several water bodies.
- In the east, the Baltic Sea includes the area of the Bothnia gulf. Also having independent Åland islands in between Finland, Sweden, and Gotland.
- On the west and southwest side, there is the north sea. This includes Kattegat and Skagerrak
- In the west direction, there is the Norwegian sea.
- And lastly in the north direction Barents Sea.
Approximately 12,000 years ago first human presence was spotted in this peninsula region. As the ice scarfed exodus from glaciers, the tundra biome climate allured the reindeer hunters. As the climate is heated, it first allows perennial trees to grow quickly. And after then it favors the deciduous forest. Many animals like aurochs, an extinct cattle species came after the growth of the deciduous forests. For this reason in the Mesolithic era, hunters, fishers, and procurers began to live.
In the northern and central portions of this peninsula region mostly Sami people lived. There are also regarded as “Laplanders” or “Lapps”. They communicate in the Sami language. The Sami language is the Finno-Ugric family’s non-Indo-European language which is connected to Finnish and Estonia.
As per the ninth-century record, other inhabitants are Norwegians on the west coast of Norway. The Danes on the south and west of Sweden and southeast Norway. In this region, most people use dialects of the Ino-European language, old Norse as their communicative language. Even though political borders are not like in the twenty century, these people are still maximum in number.
To find the history one had to look back 1000 years. International borders of this area come lately and growing steadily. Sweden and Norway secured their boundary in 1751. Finland and Norway settled their boundary in 1809. Even there are some common districts in Russia and Norway which were partitioned in 1826.
Moreover, Russia, Denmark, and Sweden are prevalent in the Scandinavia peninsular region. Iceland Norway and Finland gained full independence in the 20th century.
The Scandinavian mountain range is covered by glaciers and water bodies. Which is also regarded as the largest peninsular region of the Europan part. Length wise it is 1150 miles and widthwise 230-500 miles spread. The total covered area is 289,500 sq miles.
This article will help you to answer your quarry how does the Scandinavian mountain range affect Norway and Sweden.
Frequently Asked Questions(FAQs)-
The Scandinavian mountain range is found in the Norway and Sweden.
Galdhøpiggen(2469m) highest peak of the Scandinavian mountain range.
Glittertind is the second highest mountain peak in this range.
There are almost 135 – 140 mountains found in this range.
As per geologists, the Scandinavian range is almost 66 million years old.
In Norway country, most of the mountains are found.
The crust of Norway is thicker than normal. That supports the overlying of the mountains.
You will find tundra subarctic and humid conditions in different parts of the mountain range.
Majorly Caledonian rocks are found in the Scandinavian mountain range.
In the Neolithic era, Scandinavians learn agriculture.